cleaning Home Improvement

Types of Cleaning and Process Features

Cleaning premises is a necessary procedure that helps maintain cleanliness and order in a building, ensuring a normal microclimate and pleasant conditions for work and relaxation. Today, in the professional environment of cleaning companies, several types of cleaning are distinguished, depending on the type of premises, the frequency of cleaning, and the thoroughness of processing the object. By understanding this, you will know which service to order and when.

Let’s consider the main types of cleaning premises based on their type, the specifics of cleaning, the goals of the procedure, and the premises where they are performed. Each case has its nuances to remember to tidy up your home or office as effectively as possible or simply order the appropriate service from a cleaning company for the quickest and best results.

Primary Types of Cleaning: What’s Included

Daily Cleaning

This type of cleaning, also called maintenance cleaning, has a clear purpose – to maintain a stable level of cleanliness and order in the premises. This type of cleaning is necessary everywhere, whether in a private house or especially in offices, workplaces where many people pass through in a day. For an apartment or residential house, cleaning doesn’t have to be done every day, but with constant periodicity every few days. Maintenance cleaning includes standard actions:

  • Dusting surfaces: window sills, furniture, floors, and walls can be wiped down;
  • Cleaning light fixtures, wiping them down, and removing dust and cobwebs;
  • Wiping down household appliances, radiators, air conditioners, boilers, and more;
  • Computer equipment, printers, televisions, and other areas where dust accumulates quickly may also be separately treated.

Maintenance cleaning also includes promptly cleaning soft flooring and floor washing. Depending on what types of cleaning an individual cleaning company offers, the list of actions for regular cleaning may vary. When working independently, you need to prioritize actions yourself or simply order help from a professional cleaning company. Often, this turns out to be a more advantageous step, as experienced cleaners have all the necessary equipment and technologies that an ordinary person simply cannot afford, as the costs would be unreasonably high.

Weekly Cleaning

Every week, it’s necessary to set aside time to conduct a more thorough cleaning in the home or office. This is necessary to avoid the accumulation of dirt, bacteria, and trash in the living space. Here are the actions involved:

  • All tasks performed for daily cleaning are also done in this case;
  • Changing bed linens, pillowcases, kitchen and bathroom towels;
  • Replacing used soap, cleaning supplies, disinfectants, toilet paper, etc.;
  • Taking out accumulated trash for the week, including not only cooking waste but also anything else that needs to be disposed of;
  • Thoroughly cleaning mirrored surfaces using appropriate cleaning agents;
  • Dusting carpets, floor coverings, and soft furniture. It’s convenient to use a vacuum cleaner with interchangeable nozzles for this purpose;
  • Cleaning the bathroom: sinks, bathtub, towel rack, toilet.

At the end of the weekly cleaning, the floors are washed. It’s important to always remember the sequence of cleaning – start from the furthest room from the exit of the premises, so you don’t have to walk over already cleaned areas of the apartment each time. 

General Cleaning

General cleaning is not done very often – maybe once every 1-1.5 months, depending on what a specific person or organization needs. This type of cleaning means doing a thorough job on the whole space, including all the details. Sometimes, it might take more than one day, maybe even two days if there’s no rush. It includes:

  1. Doing everything to fight dust: wiping down all surfaces, furniture, soft furniture, computer equipment, light fixtures, and so on.
  2. Washing furniture and household appliances using the necessary products both inside and out.
  3. Thoroughly treating all soft surfaces like carpets, soft furniture, and more with a vacuum cleaner that has detachable nozzles. These are needed to clean joints and different angles.
  4. Washing tiled surfaces, greasy surfaces, removing stains and spills from spilled drinks, food, chemicals, and more.
  5. Completely cleaning the bathroom and replacing consumables.

Additionally, all textiles in the room are separately washed and dry-cleaned. Curtains, towels, linens, and curtains are all taken down and sent for cleaning. Follow the link you can find more information of house and apartment cleaning. Depending on what types of cleaning you’re interested in and what space is being treated, cleaning companies may offer numerous additional options.

Tidying Up After Renovation

While it’s relatively easy to handle cleanliness in the home with previous methods, there are special types of cleaning that are better left to professionals. This is recommended, for example, for cleaning after renovations, as a lot of dirt, construction debris, stubborn stains, and traces of various mixtures accumulate during the process. Cleaning all of this on your own would require a lot of effort and time without any guarantee of the expected result. Follow the link you can find more information of post construction cleaning.

Cleaning after renovations should include such key actions:

  1. Removing remnants of construction materials and mixtures, old dismantled materials. This task may even require a vehicle to transport the debris.
  2. Using special chemicals to clean all surfaces, especially the floor, which usually has traces of plaster, putty, paint, and other stubborn dirt that cannot be removed with just a cloth or clean water.
  3. Dust removal. An important task is to remove dust from all surfaces, as after renovations and dismantling old materials, it usually gets into all the cracks.

After these basic tasks, all the actions mentioned above from other types of cleaning need to be carried out to make the room fully suitable for occupancy and normal use.

Cleaning by Type of Work

Let’s explore how different types of cleaning differ based on their key features.

Dry Cleaning

Usually done without using water or soluble cleaning agents. Cleaning companies often use powerful specialized equipment, such as high-performance vacuum cleaners. Dry cleaning includes:

  • Basic cleaning: cleaning the room, furniture surfaces, and appliances with a dry cloth or wipes to remove dust, large debris, for example, after renovation works.
  • Dust removal from furniture, curtains, textiles using both a vacuum cleaner and simply shaking them out on the balcony or outside.

These actions are usually followed by wet cleaning, forming a complete set of measures. Water is not used here to avoid leaving streaks, dissolving fine particles in liquid, or damaging surfaces that should not come into contact with moisture, such as soft furniture, computers, household appliances, etc.

Wet Cleaning

This procedure involves using water, cleaning, and detergent agents during the cleaning process. This includes, for example, the familiar floor mopping, wiping furniture, and appliance bodies with a damp cloth. Water helps prevent the creation of a dusty cloud during cleaning, which can be very dangerous for people suffering from allergies. Moistened dust and dirt particles do not fly around the room, settling even on the ceiling, but are simply collected by a mop or special vacuum cleaner and removed from the room.

Wet cleaning includes such actions:

  1. Wiping surfaces with a damp cloth or wipe.
  2. Using a vacuum cleaner with a surface moistening function.
  3. Wet cleaning involves cleaning windows, mirrors using special cleaning agents, rubberized scrapers to avoid leaving streaks on surfaces.

It is important to select the right cleaning and detergent agents for wet cleaning that are suitable for the object being cleaned, do not damage its condition and appearance. To avoid mistakes, carefully read the description of each chemical product in the household store.

Combined Method

Most often, the two mentioned cleaning methods, dry and wet, are used together as one complex. This is necessary to achieve the optimal result, to thoroughly clean the office or rooms in an apartment from all types of dirt. Dry cleaning comes first and helps to remove the main volume of dust and dirt, remnants of construction materials, to prevent spreading them throughout the house, while wet cleaning is necessary to carefully remove the tiniest particles of remaining dirt.

As you can see, cleaning is quite a complex task, requiring a lot of time, effort, and money. Of course, even general cleaning is within the capabilities of any person, the main thing is the desire, but if you do not want to spend time on this, while wanting to get a guaranteed quality result in the shortest possible time, then it is better to contact a professional cleaning company.

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